In his book, "Philosophical Dimensions of Privacy," author ferdinand Schoeman describes privacy as a claim, entitlement or right of an individual to determine what information about himself or herself can be communicate to others. Privacy is considered a houshold term (not to be a pun- the household is often riddled with privacy issues), however there are nuances in how people think about it. Some classify privacy as an issue of security and control (Parent, 1983), while others simply project it as a materialization of human dignity- the mere fact that there is a want for some things to be private and some things not is a cornerstone of many facets of humanity (Bloustein, 1964). In either case, privacy has undeniable value to many and there have been painstaking steps take towards protecting it in continually developing areas of advancing civilization. Three common approaches have been identified in terms of preserving and protecting privacy in value-sensitive design methodology (Friedman, 2007):
- Inform people when and what information about them is being captured and to whom the information is being made available
- Allow people to stipulate what information they project and who can get hold of it
- Apply privacy enhancing technologies (PETs) that prevent sensitive data from being tagged to a specific individual in the first place
Bloustein, E. (1964). Privacy as an Aspect of Human Dignity: An Answer to Dean Prosser. New York University Law Review, 39, 962-1007.
Friedman, B., & Kahn, P. H., Jr. (2007). Human values, ethics, and design. In Sears, A. & Jacko, J. (Eds.). The Human-Computer Interaction Handbook: Fundamentals, Evolving Technologies and Emerging Applications, 2nd Edition. (pp. 1241-1266). Lawrence Erlbaum.
Langheinrich, M. (2007). A Survey of RFID Privacy Approaches. Springer-Verlag London Limited
Paci, F. (2009). Privacy-Preserving Management of Transactions' Receipts for Mobile Environments. Proceedings fo the 8th Symposim on Identity and Trust on the Internet. Gaithersburg, Maryland, 73-84.
Parent, W. (1983). Privacy, Morality and the Law. Philosophy and Public Affairs, 12, 269-288.